Age-related differences in visual encoding and response strategies contribute to spatial memory deficits

This data was imported from PubMed:

Authors: Segen, V., Avraamides, M.N., Slattery, T.J. and Wiener, J.M.

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/34519/

Journal: Mem Cognit

eISSN: 1532-5946

DOI: 10.3758/s13421-020-01089-3

Successful navigation requires memorising and recognising the locations of objects across different perspectives. Although these abilities rely on hippocampal functioning, which is susceptible to degeneration in older adults, little is known about the effects of ageing on encoding and response strategies that are used to recognise spatial configurations. To investigate this, we asked young and older participants to encode the locations of objects in a virtual room shown as a picture on a computer screen. Participants were then shown a second picture of the same room taken from the same (0°) or a different perspective (45° or 135°) and had to judge whether the objects occupied the same or different locations. Overall, older adults had greater difficulty with the task than younger adults although the introduction of a perspective shift between encoding and testing impaired performance in both age groups. Diffusion modelling revealed that older adults adopted a more conservative response strategy, while the analysis of gaze patterns showed an age-related shift in visual-encoding strategies with older adults attending to more information when memorising the positions of objects in space. Overall, results suggest that ageing is associated with declines in spatial processing abilities, with older individuals shifting towards a more conservative decision style and relying more on encoding target object positions using room-based cues compared to younger adults, who focus more on encoding the spatial relationships among object clusters.

This data was imported from Scopus:

Authors: Segen, V., Avraamides, M.N., Slattery, T.J. and Wiener, J.M.

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/34519/

Journal: Memory and Cognition

eISSN: 1532-5946

ISSN: 0090-502X

DOI: 10.3758/s13421-020-01089-3

© 2020, The Author(s). Successful navigation requires memorising and recognising the locations of objects across different perspectives. Although these abilities rely on hippocampal functioning, which is susceptible to degeneration in older adults, little is known about the effects of ageing on encoding and response strategies that are used to recognise spatial configurations. To investigate this, we asked young and older participants to encode the locations of objects in a virtual room shown as a picture on a computer screen. Participants were then shown a second picture of the same room taken from the same (0°) or a different perspective (45° or 135°) and had to judge whether the objects occupied the same or different locations. Overall, older adults had greater difficulty with the task than younger adults although the introduction of a perspective shift between encoding and testing impaired performance in both age groups. Diffusion modelling revealed that older adults adopted a more conservative response strategy, while the analysis of gaze patterns showed an age-related shift in visual-encoding strategies with older adults attending to more information when memorising the positions of objects in space. Overall, results suggest that ageing is associated with declines in spatial processing abilities, with older individuals shifting towards a more conservative decision style and relying more on encoding target object positions using room-based cues compared to younger adults, who focus more on encoding the spatial relationships among object clusters.

This data was imported from Web of Science (Lite):

Authors: Segen, V., Avraamides, M.N., Slattery, T.J. and Wiener, J.M.

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/34519/

Journal: MEMORY & COGNITION

eISSN: 1532-5946

ISSN: 0090-502X

DOI: 10.3758/s13421-020-01089-3

The data on this page was last updated at 05:19 on October 21, 2020.