Low-frequency rTMS to the parietal lobe increases eye-movement carryover and decreases hazard rating

Authors: Hills, P.J., Arabacı, G., Fagg, J., Canter, L., Thompson, C. and Moseley, R.

Journal: Neuropsychologia

Volume: 158

eISSN: 1873-3514

ISSN: 0028-3932

DOI: 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2021.107895

Abstract:

The persistence of attentional set from one task to a secondary unrelated task, revealed through carryover of eye movements, has been attributed to increased activation in the parietal lobe and decreased activation to the frontal lobe. To directly test this, we adopted a modified version of the Thompson and Crundall (2011) paradigm using low-frequency repetitive TMS to P3 and F3. In each trial, participants viewed letter-strings that were arranged horizontally, vertically, or randomly across the screen before viewing a road image and providing a hazardousness rating for it. The orientation of the letter search influenced eye movements to the road images and this carryover was greater following stimulation to F3 than to P3 (or sham). Furthermore, hazardous ratings were lower following P3 stimulation. These results confirm the involvement of attentional orienting and switching mechanisms in the carryover of eye movements. It is suggested that this “attentional inertia” effect will increase with greater orienting of attentional resources in an initial task and poor inhibition of previously-relevant settings between tasks.

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/35574/

Source: Scopus

Low-frequency rTMS to the parietal lobe increases eye-movement carryover and decreases hazard rating.

Authors: Hills, P.J., Arabacı, G., Fagg, J., Canter, L., Thompson, C. and Moseley, R.

Journal: Neuropsychologia

Volume: 158

Pages: 107895

eISSN: 1873-3514

DOI: 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2021.107895

Abstract:

The persistence of attentional set from one task to a secondary unrelated task, revealed through carryover of eye movements, has been attributed to increased activation in the parietal lobe and decreased activation to the frontal lobe. To directly test this, we adopted a modified version of the Thompson and Crundall (2011) paradigm using low-frequency repetitive TMS to P3 and F3. In each trial, participants viewed letter-strings that were arranged horizontally, vertically, or randomly across the screen before viewing a road image and providing a hazardousness rating for it. The orientation of the letter search influenced eye movements to the road images and this carryover was greater following stimulation to F3 than to P3 (or sham). Furthermore, hazardous ratings were lower following P3 stimulation. These results confirm the involvement of attentional orienting and switching mechanisms in the carryover of eye movements. It is suggested that this "attentional inertia" effect will increase with greater orienting of attentional resources in an initial task and poor inhibition of previously-relevant settings between tasks.

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/35574/

Source: PubMed

Low-frequency rTMS to the parietal lobe increases eye-movement carryover and decreases hazard rating

Authors: Hills, P.J., Arabaci, G., Fagg, J., Canter, L., Thompson, C. and Moseley, R.

Journal: NEUROPSYCHOLOGIA

Volume: 158

eISSN: 1873-3514

ISSN: 0028-3932

DOI: 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2021.107895

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/35574/

Source: Web of Science (Lite)

Low-frequency rTMS to the parietal lobe increases eye-movement carryover and decreases hazard rating

Authors: Hills, P., Arabaci, G., Fagg, J., Canter, L., Thompson, C. and Moseley, R.

Journal: Neuropsychologia

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/35574/

Source: Manual

Low-frequency rTMS to the parietal lobe increases eye-movement carryover and decreases hazard rating.

Authors: Hills, P.J., Arabacı, G., Fagg, J., Canter, L., Thompson, C. and Moseley, R.

Journal: Neuropsychologia

Volume: 158

Pages: 107895

eISSN: 1873-3514

ISSN: 0028-3932

DOI: 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2021.107895

Abstract:

The persistence of attentional set from one task to a secondary unrelated task, revealed through carryover of eye movements, has been attributed to increased activation in the parietal lobe and decreased activation to the frontal lobe. To directly test this, we adopted a modified version of the Thompson and Crundall (2011) paradigm using low-frequency repetitive TMS to P3 and F3. In each trial, participants viewed letter-strings that were arranged horizontally, vertically, or randomly across the screen before viewing a road image and providing a hazardousness rating for it. The orientation of the letter search influenced eye movements to the road images and this carryover was greater following stimulation to F3 than to P3 (or sham). Furthermore, hazardous ratings were lower following P3 stimulation. These results confirm the involvement of attentional orienting and switching mechanisms in the carryover of eye movements. It is suggested that this "attentional inertia" effect will increase with greater orienting of attentional resources in an initial task and poor inhibition of previously-relevant settings between tasks.

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/35574/

Source: Europe PubMed Central

Low-frequency rTMS to the parietal lobe increases eye-movement carryover and decreases hazard rating.

Authors: Hills, P., Arabaci, G., Fagg, J., Canter, L., Thompson, C. and Moseley, R.

Journal: Neuropsychologia

Volume: 158

ISSN: 0028-3932

Abstract:

The persistence of attentional set from one task to a secondary unrelated task, revealed through carryover of eye movements, has been attributed to increased activation in the parietal lobe and decreased activation to the frontal lobe. To directly test this, we adopted a modified version of the Thompson and Crundall (2011) paradigm using low-frequency repetitive TMS to P3 and F3. In each trial, participants viewed letter-strings that were arranged horizontally, vertically, or randomly across the screen before viewing a road image and providing a hazardousness rating for it. The orientation of the letter search influenced eye movements to the road images and this carryover was greater following stimulation to F3 than to P3 (or sham). Furthermore, hazardous ratings were lower following P3 stimulation. These results confirm the involvement of attentional orienting and switching mechanisms in the carryover of eye movements. It is suggested that this “attentional inertia” effect will increase with greater orienting of attentional resources in an initial task and poor inhibition of previously-relevant settings between tasks.

http://eprints.bournemouth.ac.uk/35574/

Source: BURO EPrints