Rounaq Nayak

Dr Rounaq Nayak

  • Lecturer in Sustainability
  • CH210,
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Sustainability is a buzzword exploited by many stakeholders across the Global North and South. While a lot of the interventions focus on environmental and economic sustainability, social sustainability is often ignored. This often leads to negative externalities such as modern slavery, food insecurity, increased carbon footprint, and scarcity of natural resources. I am Human Factors specialist and a have worked on projects in the food and healthcare sectors with a specialism in adopting a user-centred approach to service improvement. My main research interest lies in understanding how the global food system can be made more resilient to challenges such food (& fuel) poverty, forced labour, and rising carbon footprint by adopting a people-centred approach. I am interested in mapping operations (especially NGOs), and optimising systems by promoting transparency and technological innovations using a human factors approach.

I am a Fellow of the Royal Society for Public Health and the Royal Geographical Society, and Associate Fellow of the Higher Education Academy...



I am currently working on projects related to improving social sustainability within communities and optimizing operations management systems within NGOs. My research themes centre around the following United Nation’s Sustainable Development Goals using a human factors principles:

SDG 2: Zero hunger

• Target 2.1: End hunger and ensure access to safe, nutritious, and sufficient food all year round, especially among poor people in vulnerable situations.

• Target 2.2: End malnutrition

SDG 8: Decent work and Economic Growth

• Target 8.7: Eradication of forced labour (including child labour)

• Target 8.8: Protect labour rights & promote safe working environments

SDG 12: Responsible Consumption and Production

• Target 12.1: Framework for sustainable consumption with developed countries taking lead.

• Target 12.3: Reduce food waste and food loss at retail and consumer levels

• Target 12.8: Create awareness among people for sustainable lifestyles

I am always keen to learn more about applying human factors and Industry 4.0 methods across the agri-food and labour industries, so whether you have similar interests, or want to find out more, please feel free to get in touch with me. I am particularly keen to work with NGOs from the Global North and South.

Areas of Research Interest:

1. Community feeding programmes (food banks, pantries, larders, social supermarkets)

2. Informal/Agency Work, Modern slavery and Forced Labour

3. Food Safety Culture

4. Human Factors methods and systems thinking

5. Ethical behaviour, Social Responsibility.

Journal Articles

  • Diaz De Oleo, D., McIntyre, L., Randall, N., Nayak, R. and Manning, L., 2023. Systematic mapping of food safety outbreaks in the hospitality sector in the Dominican Republic. British Food Journal, 125 (2), 500-521.
  • Nayak, R. and Jespersen, L., 2022. Development of a framework to capture the maturity of food safety regulatory and enforcement agencies: Insights from a Delphi study. Food Control, 142.
  • Woodward, M., Nayak, R. and McCulloch, P., 2022. Radiography as a sociotechnical system – Improving patient identification with a multi-level human factors approach. Safety Science, 150.
  • Díaz De Oleo, D., McIntyre, L., Randall, N., Nayak, R. and Manning, L., 2022. A socio-technical approach to food safety incident analysis using the AcciMap model in the hospitality sector. Food Control, 136.
  • Nayak, R., Manning, L. and Waterson, P., 2022. Exploration of the fipronil in egg contamination incident in the Netherlands using the Functional Resonance Analysis Method. Food Control, 133.
  • Nayak, R. and Manning, L., 2021. Forgotten children: a socio-technical systems analysis of the 2004 and 2015 forced child labour reports from Indian cottonseed farms. Trends in Organized Crime.
  • Thatcher, A., Nayak, R. and Waterson, P., 2020. Human factors and ergonomics systems-based tools for understanding and addressing global problems of the twenty-first century. Ergonomics, 63 (3), 367-387.
  • Nayak, R. and Waterson, P., 2019. Global food safety as a complex adaptive system: Key concepts and future prospects. Trends in Food Science and Technology, 91, 409-425.
  • Nayak, R. and Taylor, J.Z., 2018. Food safety culture – the food inspectors’ perspective. Worldwide Hospitality and Tourism Themes, 10 (3), 376-381.
  • Nayak, R. and Waterson, P., 2017. The Assessment of Food Safety Culture: An investigation of current challenges, barriers and future opportunities within the food industry. Food Control, 73, 1114-1123.
  • Nayak, R. and Waterson, P., 2016. 'When Food Kills': A socio-technical systems analysis of the UK Pennington 1996 and 2005 E. coli O157 Outbreak reports. Safety Science, 86, 36-47.


  • Nayak, R., 2021. The use of internet of things (IoT) technology to improve transparency in agri-food supply chains. In: Manning, L., ed. Developing Smart Agri-Food Supply Chains Using Technology to Improve Safety and Quality. Burleigh Dodds Science Publishing.


Profile of Teaching PG

  • Environmental Law and Social Justice
  • Green Technology and Renewable Energy
  • Sustainable Development in Practice


  • The Carbon Exchange: Mapping the drivers and impact of the carbon market on rural enterprises in the UK (REINVEST) (UK Research and Innovation Council, 01 Mar 2023). Awarded
  • Community feeding programs - Mapping the referral process to food banks and other community organisations (British Academy, 17 Oct 2022). In Progress
  • Mapping the drivers and impact of Modern-Day Slavery practices within the traditional Indian tea farming sector (British Academy, 01 Jul 2022). In Progress
  • Edible Food Waste Reduction: Using STFC Technology In Food Valorisation to Integrate Excess Food in Local Communities (UTILISE) (Science and Technology Facilities Council [2006-2012], 01 Feb 2022). Completed
  • United Kingdom and Brazil INterventions for Food Loss and Waste Education in Secondary Schools (BINLESS): A case study of collaboration between schools from Brazil and United Kingdom (British Council, 01 Feb 2022). Completed
  • What’s the beef?: Reducing Carbon Emissions in Beef Supply Chains by decentralising the carbon value chain (Morrisons-Harper Adams University Sustainability Challenge, 01 Nov 2021). In Progress
  • A multidimensional evaluation platform for Brazil’s national school feeding program (British Council, 01 Oct 2021). In Progress

External Responsibilities

  • Royal Geographical Society, Reviewer (2022-)
  • British Council, Reviewer (2022-2023)
  • Norwegian Research Council, Reviewer (2021-)

Internal Responsibilities

  • REF Output Champion, Research Excellence Framework Assessment Panel

Journal Reviewing/Refereeing

  • British Food Journal, 19 Dec 2022
  • Zoonoses and Public Health, Anonymous peer review, 01 Sep 2022
  • Sustainability, Anonymous peer review, 01 Dec 2021
  • Food Control, Anonymous peer review, 01 Jan 2016


  • PhD in Human Factos and Complex Systems (Loughborough University, 2018)
  • MSc in Food Safety, Hygiene and Management (University of Birmingham, 2014)
  • BEng (Hons) in Biotechnology (Vellore Institute of Technology, 2013)


  • Teaching Innovation Award (Bournemouth University, 2022)
  • Doctoral College Research Student Prize Highly Commended Award (Loughborough University Doctoral College, 2017)
  • Santander Mobility Award (Santander, 2017)


  • Royal Society for Public Health, Fellow (2022-),
  • Higher Education Academy, Associate (2021-),
  • Royal Geographical Society (with IBG), Fellow (2021-),
  • Chartered Institute of Environmental Health, Member (2016-2022),