Lyle Skains

Dr Lyle Skains

  • Principal Academic In Health and Science Communication
  • WH
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Lyle researches and teaches Creative Digital Writing and Science Communication, conducting practice-based research into writing, reading/playing, publishing digital and transmedia narratives, and how these can be used for health and science communication. Her recent digital fiction includes No World 4 Tomorrow for the You & CO2 project, and Only, Always, Never for the Infectious Storytelling project; both works were designed to effect social change. She is the founder of Wonderbox Publishing, which publishes speculative digital fiction, aiming to explore innovations in digital and online publishing and creativity. She is also the coordinator of the New Media Writing Prize, and an editor of the Electronic Literature Collection, volume 4. Her digital fiction can be found at; articles in Convergence, Digital Creativity, and Computers and Composition; and books with Cambridge UP (Digital Authorship), forthcoming Emerald (Using Interactive Digital Narrative for Health and Science Communication) and Bloomsbury (Neverending Stories: The Popular Emergence of Digital Fiction).

Journal Articles

  • Pope, J., Rossi, G.C., Pyke, T., Skains, R.L. and Wisdom, S., 2022. The New Media Writing Prize Special Collection. Electronic British Library Journal, 2022.
  • Skains, R.L., Rudd, J.A., Horry, R. and Ross, H., 2022. Playing for Change: Teens’ Attitudes Towards Climate Change Action as Expressed Through Interactive Digital Narrative Play. Frontiers in Communication, 6.
  • Chambers, A.C. and Skains, R.L., 2021. Smart Schools: AI Technology and Education Futures as Imagined on Screen. Viewfinder.
  • Ross, H., Rudd, J.A., Skains, R.L. and Horry, R., 2021. How big is my carbon footprint? Understanding young people’s engagement with climate change education. Sustainability (Switzerland), 13 (4), 1-19.
  • Skains, R.L., 2020. Discourse or gimmick? Digital marginalia in online scholarship. Convergence, 26 (4), 942-955.
  • Rudd, J.A., Horry, R. and Skains, R.L., 2020. You and CO2: a Public Engagement Study to Engage Secondary School Students with the Issue of Climate Change. Journal of Science Education and Technology, 29 (2), 230-241.
  • Skains, R.L., 2019. Teaching digital fiction: integrating experimental writing and current technologies. Palgrave Communications, 5 (1).
  • Skains, R.L., 2019. The materiality of the intangible: Literary metaphor in multimodal texts. Convergence, 25 (1), 133-147.
  • Ensslin, A., Bell, A., Skains, R.L. and van der Bom, I., 2019. Immersion, Digital Fiction, and the Switchboard Metaphor. Participations: Journal of Audience & Reception Studies, 16, 320-342.
  • Skains, R.L., 2018. Dissonant Fabulation: Subverting Online Genres to Effect Socio-Cognitive Dissonance. Textus, 41-57.
  • Skains, R.L., 2018. Creative Practice as Research: Discourse on Methodology. Media Practice and Education, 19 (1), 82-97.
  • Skains, R.L., 2017. The Adaptive Process of Multimodal Composition: How Developing Tacit Knowledge of Digital Tools Affects Creative Writing. Computers and Composition, 43, 106-117.
  • Skains, L., 2017. Creative Practice as Research: Discourse on Methodology (Living Resource). The Disrupted Journal of Media Practice.
  • Ensslin, A., Skains, L., Riley, S., Haran, J., Mackiewicz, A. and Halliwell, E., 2016. Exploring digital fiction as a tool for teenage body image bibliotherapy*. Digital Creativity, 27 (3), 177-195.
  • Skains, R.L., 2016. Creative Commons and Appropriation: Implicit Collaboration in Digital Works. PUBLICATIONS, 4 (1).
  • Skains, L., 2016. Click here for art. The Conversation.
  • Skains, L., 2016. The Fragmented Digital Gaze: The Effects of Multimodal Composition on Narrative Perspective. Qualitative Inquiry, Special Issue: Hypermodal Inquiry, 22, 183-190.
  • Skains, L., 2010. Last stop bar & grill. New Writing, 7 (3), 219-225.
  • Skains, R.L., 2010. The Shifting Author-Reader Dynamic: Online Novel Communities as a Bridge from Print to Digital Literature. Convergence, 16, 95-111.
  • Skains, L., 2008. Wish in One Hand. Glassfire Magazine.
  • Skains, L., 2008. A Queen for a King. Electric Spec, 3.
  • Skains, L., 2000. Ribbons. Scribendi.
  • Bell, D. and Skains, R.L.. Teaching Creativity through Third Option Thinking. Writing in Practice.
  • Skains, L. and Chambers, A.C.. Visualizing the Story from Text to Screen: Application of Film’s Mise en Scène Techniques to Digital Fiction.
  • Ross, H., Rudd, J.A., Skains, R.L. and Horry, R.. Understanding Engagement with Climate Change Education. International Journal of Science Education.


  • Skains, R.L., 2022. Neverending Stories The Popular Emergence of Digital Fiction. Bloomsbury Publishing USA.
  • Electronic Literature Collection. Electronic Literature Organization.
  • Skains, R.L., Rudd, J.A., Casaliggi, C., Hayhurst, E., Horry, R., Ross, H. and Woodward, K., 2021. Using Interactive Digital Narrative for Health and Science Communication. Emerald Publishing.
  • Lyle Skains, R., Rudd, J.A., Casaliggi, C., Hayhurst, E.J., Horry, R., Ross, H. and Woodward, K., 2021. USING INTERACTIVE DIGITAL NARRATIVE IN SCIENCE AND HEALTH EDUCATION.
  • Skains, R.L., 2019. Digital Authorship: Publishing in an Attention Economy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Normal Deviation: A Weird Fiction Anthology. Wonderbox.
  • Skains, L., 2016. The Futographer: a hyperstory. Bangor, UK: Wonderbox.


  • Chambers, A.C. and Lyle Skains, R., 2022. SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY. The Routledge Handbook of Star Trek. 348-356.
  • Bom, I.V.D., Skains, L., Bell, A. and Ensslin, A., 2021. Reading hyperlinks in hypertext fiction : An Empirical Approach. Linguistic Approaches to Literature. 123-141.
  • Skains, R.L., 2019. Creative Writing Courses and the Pragmatics of Publishing. In: Bradford, R., Baverstock, A. and Gonzalez, M., eds. Essays on Contemporary Publishing and The Culture of Books. London: Routledge.
  • Ensslin, A. and Skains, L., 2017. Hypertext: Storyspace to Twine. In: Tabbi, J., ed. The Bloomsbury Handbook of Electronic Literature. London: Bloomsbury, 293-307.
  • Skains, L., 2014. In the Shadows of Gods: Representations and Treatments Otherness in the Novels of Neil Gaiman. In: Dunne, A. and O’Brien, G., eds. Good Madness: A Collection of Essays on the Work of Neil Gaiman. Witney: Inter-Disciplinary Press.
  • Skains, L., 2013. Streams Slipping in the Dark. Færwhile: A Journey Through a Space of Time.
  • Skains, L., 2013. Awake the Mighty Dread. Færwhile: A Journey Through a Space of Time.
  • Skains, L., 2009. Drowning Jonathan. In: Brooks, K. and Randall, M., eds. Florilegium. Oklahoma City: PegLeg Publishing, LLC.


  • Skains, R.L., 2016. The Fragmented Digital Gaze: The Effects of Multimodal Composition on Narrative Perspective. QUALITATIVE INQUIRY, 22 (3), 183-190.
  • Skains, L., Bell, A., Ensslin, A. and Brown, J., 2016. Gaming the Composition: An ethnographic study on composing ergodic fiction. International Society for the Empirical Study of Literature, 6-9 July 2016.
  • Skains, L., 2015. Cultivating Postgraduate Research & Research Culture: Case Study of a "Taught" Journal Club Module. CELT Learning and Teaching Conference, Bangor University, 16 Sept 2015.
  • Skains, L., 2015. The Catastrophe of Science Fiction Since 1950: The Role Reversal of Science and the Supernatural in 20th & 21st Century Narratives. Stories About Science: Exploring Science Communication and Entertainment Media, University of Manchester, 4-5 June 2015.
  • Skains, L., 2015. The Practice of Research: A Methodology for Practice-Based Exploration of Digital Writing. Electronic Literature Organization, University of Bergen, 4-7 Aug 2015.
  • Skains, L., Lewis, A. and Muse, E., 2014. The Creative Practice Research Manifesto. Crisis in the Humanities, Durham University, 7-8 July 2014.
  • Skains, L., 2013. The Materiality of the Intangible: Literary Metaphor in Multimodal Texts. Electronic Literature Organization, 26 Sept 2013.
  • Skains, L. and Ensslin, A., 2012. The Material Trace in Electronic Technotext. Material Meanings, University of Kent, Sept 2012.
  • Skains, L., 2012. Fluid Texts and Implicit Collaboration in Electronic Narratives. Electronic Literature Organization, West Virginia University, June 2012.
  • Skains, L., 2011. The Story in the Medium: Reader Responses to Multimodal Fiction Narratives. Beyond Adaptation, De Montfort University, Jan 2011.
  • Skains, L., 2011. The Medium in the Story: How the Intent to Work in Digital Media Affects the Writer’s Practice. Great Writing, Imperial College London, June 2011.
  • Skains, R.L., 2010. The shifting author-reader dynamic: Online novel communities as a bridge from print to digital literature. Convergence, 16 (1), 95-111.
  • Skains, L., 2010. Stories as Real Estate: A New Paradigm for Publishing. Great Writing, Bangor University, June 2010.
  • Skains, L., 2010. Invited Transgression Against the Text: Masochism, or an Evolved Perception of Authorship? Transgressions and Its Limits, University of Stirling, May 2010.
  • Skains, L. and Chambers, A.C., 2010. Visualizing the Story from Text to Screen: Application of Film Adaptation Techniques to Digital Fiction. MeCCSA Postgraduate Conference, University of Glasgow, July 2010.
  • Skains, L. and Chambers, A.C., 2010. Visualizing the Story from Text to Screen: Application of Film Adaptation Techniques to Digital Fiction. Transliteracy Conference, Phoenix Square Digital Centre, February 2010.
  • Skains, L., 2009. Inside Out Empty: A digital story. Great Writing, Bangor University, 21 June 2009.
  • Skains, L., 2009. Beyond the Novelty: Creating Digital Fiction for Mainstream Audiences. Beyond Boundaries, Bangor University, 22 Jan 2009.


Scholarly Editions



PhD Students

  • Eoin Murray, 2020. The Meaning We Give It: Utopic Manifestation in Interactive Media
  • Jordan Glendenning, 2021. Writing Transmedia Digital Fiction
  • Kristin Lissel, 2023. Writing Nordic Noir Fiction
  • Levi Dean, 2020. An offer she can't refuse: Scripting the anti-heroine teleplay for the commercial market


  • Senior Fellowship in Teaching in Higher Education (Higher Education Academy, 2016)
  • PGCE in Teaching in Higher Education (Bangor University, 2015)
  • PhD in Creative Writing & Digital Media (Bangor University, 2014)
  • MFA in Professional Writing (University of Southern California, 2005)
  • BA (Hons) in Creative Writing (University of New Mexico, 2001)
  • BSc (Hons) in Equine Science (Texas A&M University, 1998)


  • Media, Communication, and Cultural Studies Association
  • Electronic Literature Organization