Katherine Appleton

Professor Katherine Appleton

  • 01202 965985
  • k dot appleton at bournemouth dot ac dot uk
  • Professor in Psychology
  • Poole House P110, Talbot Campus, Fern Barrow, Poole, BH12 5BB
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Biographical Details:

I graduated from the University of Southampton in 1993 with a BSc (Hons) in Psychology, and from the University of Leeds in 1998 with a PhD in Biological Psychology / Nutrition. Since, I have worked as a Research Fellow at the University of Leeds (1999), University of Surrey (2000-2002), University of Bristol (2002-2005) and as a lecturer at Queen’s Unviersity Belfast (2005-2012). I joined Bournemouth Unviersity in Sept. 2012, following a year long sabbatical at the University of Iowa, US. I am a Chartered Psychologist (British Psychological Society, 2001) and a Registered Nutritionist (Nutrition Society, 2001).

Research Interests:

Eating Behaviour, Health, Well-being:

My research interests are based in human eating behaviour, with particular focus on the optimisation of human health and well-being in the normal population. My research includes aspects of: healthy eating and the use of different strategies to promote fruit and vegetable consumption; appetite and weight control, primarily with the aim of understanding and improving weight gain and weight management; nutrition and under-nutrition, and their effects on health, well-being and cognitive performance; taste and consumption; eating style, including dieting, restrained eating and emotional eating and the effects of these behaviours on health and well-being; and includes aspects of physical activity, physical fitness and energy expenditure, and the importance of energy balance.


Current projects include:

NPRI funded project - Peer support for adoption of a Meditteranean diet - 3 year project.

University of Bristol BRU funded project - N3PUFAs and MDD - systematic review for the Cochrane Collaboration

EU funded project - VeggiEAT - 4 year project investigating strategies to improve vegetable intakes in a food service setting.

EU funded project - FoodSMART - 4 year project to develop a mobile phone application to provide food related information to food providers and consumers in a food service setting.

PhD studentship investigating the role of weight perceptions in body weight and body weight change.

PhD studentship investigating strategies for increasing protein intakes by increasing egg intakes, part funded by the British Egg Industry Council.

Journal Articles

  • Erwin, C.M., Appleton, K. et al., 2018. A qualitative analysis exploring preferred methods of peer support to encourage adherence to a Mediterranean diet in a Northern European population at high risk of cardiovascular disease. BMC PUBLIC HEALTH, 18.
  • Zhou, X., Perez-Cueto, F.J.A., Dos Santos, Q., Monteleone, E., Giboreau, A., Appleton, K.M., Bjørner, T., Bredie, W.L.P. and Hartwell, H., 2018. A systematic review of behavioural interventions promoting healthy eating among older people. Nutrients, 10 (2).
  • Appleton, K.M., Krumplevska, K., Smith, E., Rooney, C., McKinley, M.C. and Woodside, J.V., 2018. Low fruit and vegetable consumption is associated with low knowledge of the details of the 5-a-day fruit and vegetable message in the UK: findings from two cross-sectional questionnaire studies. JOURNAL OF HUMAN NUTRITION AND DIETETICS, 31 (1), 121-130.
  • Perez-Cueto, F.J.A., Dos Santos, Q., Nielsen, B., Dinnella, C., Monteleone, E., Giboreau, A., Saulais, L., Depezay, L., Hartwell, H. and Appleton, K., 2017. Danish adolescents like their vegetables fresh rather than frozen or canned. International Journal of Gastronomy and Food Science, 9, 29-33.
  • Appleton, K.M., Dinnella, C., Spinelli, S., Morizet, D., Saulais, L., Hemingway, A., Monteleone, E., Depezay, L., Perez-Cueto, F.J.A. and Hartwell, H., 2017. Consumption of a High Quantity and a Wide Variety of Vegetables Are Predicted by Different Food Choice Motives in Older Adults from France, Italy and the UK. NUTRIENTS, 9 (9).
  • Cliceri, D., Dinnella, C., Depezay, L., Morizet, D., Giboreau, A., Appleton, K.M., Hartwell, H. and Monteleone, E., 2017. Exploring salient dimensions in a free sorting task: A cross-country study within the elderly population. FOOD QUALITY AND PREFERENCE, 60, 19-30.
  • Muir, S., Newell, C., Griffiths, J., Walker, K., Hooper, H., Thomas, S., Thomas, P.W., Arcelus, J., Day, J. and Appleton, K.M., 2017. MotivATE: A Pretreatment Web-Based Program to Improve Attendance at UK Outpatient Services Among Adults With Eating Disorders. JMIR Res Protoc, 6 (7), e146.
  • Friis, R., Appleton, K.M., Hartwell, H. et al., 2017. Comparison of three nudge interventions (priming, default option, and perceived variety) to promote vegetable consumption in a self-service buffet setting. PLOS ONE, 12 (5).
  • McNeal, N., Appleton, K.M., Johnson, A.K., Scotti, M.-A.L., Wardwell, J., Murphy, R., Bishop, C., Knecht, A. and Grippo, A.J., 2017. The protective effects of social bonding on behavioral and pituitary-adrenal axis reactivity to chronic mild stress in prairie voles. STRESS-THE INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL ON THE BIOLOGY OF STRESS, 20 (2), 175-182.
  • Rooney, C., McKinley, M.C., Appleton, K.M., Young, I.S., McGrath, A.J., Draffin, C.R., Hamill, L.L. and Woodside, J.V., 2017. How much is "5-a-day'? A qualitative investigation into consumer understanding of fruit and vegetable intake guidelines. JOURNAL OF HUMAN NUTRITION AND DIETETICS, 30 (1), 105-113.
  • Moore, S.E., Appleton, K. et al., 2017. Barriers to adopting a Mediterranean diet in Northern European adults at high risk of developing cardiovascular disease. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics.
  • Bastiaansen, J.A., Munafo, M.R., Appleton, K.M. and Oldehinkel, A.J., 2016. The efficacy of fish oil supplements in the treatment of depression: food for thought. TRANSLATIONAL PSYCHIATRY, 6.
  • Dinnella, C., Morizet, D., Masi, C., Cliceri, D., Depezay, L., Appleton, K.M., Giboreau, A., Perez-Cueto, F.J.A., Hartwell, H. and Monteleone, E., 2016. Sensory determinants of stated liking for vegetable names and actual liking for canned vegetables: A cross-country study among European adolescents. APPETITE, 107, 339-347.
  • Appleton, K.M., 2016. Greater fruit selection following an appearance-based compared with a health-based health promotion poster. JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH, 38 (4), 731-738.
  • Appleton, K.M., 2016. Limited compensation at the following meal for protein and energy intake at a lunch meal in healthy free-living older adults. Clinical Nutrition.
  • Price, S., Viglia, G., Hartwell, H., Hemingway, A., Chapleo, C., Appleton, K., Saulais, L., Mavridis, I. and Perez-Cueto, F.J.A., 2016. What are we eating? Consumer information requirement within a workplace canteen. FOOD QUALITY AND PREFERENCE, 53, 39-46.
  • Appleton, K.M., Appleton, K.M. et al., 2016. A Role for Behavior in the Relationships Between Depression and Hostility and Cardiovascular Disease Incidence, Mortality, and All-Cause Mortality: the Prime Study. ANNALS OF BEHAVIORAL MEDICINE, 50 (4), 582-591.
  • McGrath, A.J., Hamill, L.L., Cardwell, C.R., Draffin, C.R., Neville, C.E., Appleton, K.M., McEneny, J., McKinley, M.C., Young, I.S. and Woodside, J.V., 2016. Combining vitamin C and carotenoid biomarkers better predicts fruit and vegetable intake than individual biomarkers in dietary intervention studies. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NUTRITION, 55 (4), 1377-1388.
  • Bevan, A., Hemingway, A., Appleton, K.M., Hartwell, H., Magnante, O., Perez-Cueto, A., Monteleone, E., Giboreau, A. and Depezay, L., 2016. Familiarity and liking of vegetables: Is it important for vegetable consumption? British Journal of School Nursing, 11 (3), 125-130.
  • Hughes, M.F., Patterson, C.C., Appleton, K.M., Blankenberg, S., Woodside, J.V., Donnelly, M., Linden, G., Zeller, T., Esquirol, Y. and Kee, F., 2016. The Predictive Value of Depressive Symptoms for All-Cause Mortality: Findings From the PRIME Belfast Study Examining the Role of Inflammation and Cardiovascular Risk Markers. PSYCHOSOMATIC MEDICINE, 78 (4), 401-411.
  • Appleton, K.M., 2016. Barriers to and Facilitators of the Consumption of Animal-Based Protein-Rich Foods in Older Adults. NUTRIENTS, 8 (4).
  • Appleton, K.M., Hemingway, A., Saulais, L., Dinnella, C., Monteleone, E., Depezay, L., Morizet, D., Perez-Cueto, F.J.A., Bevan, A. and Hartwell, H., 2016. Increasing vegetable intakes: rationale and systematic review of published interventions. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NUTRITION, 55 (3), 869-896.
  • Appleton, K.M., Sallis, H.M., Perry, R., Ness, A.R. and Churchill, R., 2016. -3 Fatty acids for major depressive disorder in adults: an abridged Cochrane review. BMJ OPEN, 6 (3).
  • Neville, C.E., McKinley, M.C., Draffin, C.R., Gallagher, N.E., Appleton, K.M., Young, I.S., Edgar, J.D. and Woodside, J.V., 2015. Participating in a fruit and vegetable intervention trial improves longer term fruit and vegetable consumption and barriers to fruit and vegetable consumption: a follow-up of the ADIT study. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL NUTRITION AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY, 12.
  • Appleton, K., Sallis, H.M., Perry, R., Ness, A.R. and Churchill, R., 2015. Omega-3 fatty acids for depression in adults. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews.
  • Watson, S., Woodside, J.V., McKinley, M.C., Ware, L.J., Hunter, S.J., McGrath, A., Cardwell, C.R., Appleton, K.M. and Young, I.S., 2015. Effect of a unique web-based behaviour change program on weight loss and cardiovascular risk factors in overweight and obese adults at high risk of developing cardiovascular disease. A randomised controlled trial. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 17 (7), e177.
  • Adams, C., Rennie, L., Uskul, A.K. and Appleton, K.M., 2015. Visualising future behaviour: Effects for snacking on biscuit bars, but no effects for snacking on fruit. JOURNAL OF HEALTH PSYCHOLOGY, 20 (8), 1037-1048.
  • Appleton, K.M. and Smith, E., 2015. A Role for Identification in the Gradual Decline in the Pleasantness of Flavors With Age. The journals of gerontology. Series B, Psychological sciences and social sciences.
  • Appleton, K.M., Grippo, A.J., Beltz, T.G. and Johnson, A.K., 2015. Consumption of a high n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid diet during gradual mild physiological stress in rats. Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids, 95, 11-18.
  • Appleton, K.M., McKeown, P.P. and Woodside, J.V., 2015. Energy compensation in the real world: Good compensation for small portions of chocolate and biscuits over short time periods in complicit consumers using commercially available foods. Appetite, 85, 104-110.
  • Appleton, K.M. and Baker, S., 2015. Distraction, not hunger, is associated with lower mood and lower perceived work performance on fast compared to non-fast days during intermittent fasting. Journal of Health Psychology, 20 (6), 702-711.
  • Appleton, K.M., Perry, R., Sallis HM, Ness, A.R. and Churchill, R., 2014. Omega-3 fatty acids for depression in adults. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2014 (5).
  • Appleton, K.M., Perry, R., Sallis, H.M., Ness, A.R. and Churchill, R., 2014. Omega-3 fatty acids for depression in adults. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2014 (5).
  • Rennie, L., Uskul, A.K., Adams, C. and Appleton, K., 2014. Visualisation for increasing health intentions: Enhanced effects following a health message and when using a first-person perspective. Psychology and Health, 29 (2), 237-252.
  • Best, R.L. and Appleton, K.M., 2013. The consumption of protein-rich foods in older adults: An exploratory focus group study. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, 45 (6), 751-755.
  • Appleton, K.M., Appleton, K.M. et al., 2013. Depression and mortality: Artifact of measurement and analysis? Journal of Affective Disorders, 151 (2), 632-638.
  • Appleton, K.M., McGill, R., Neville, C. and Woodside, J.V., 2013. Moderate-Vigorous Physical Activity in Older People in Northern Ireland: Levels, Demographic Patterns and Types of Moderate-Vigorous Physical Activity Undertaken. Ageing International, 38 (3), 207-217.
  • Appleton, K.M., 2013. Increases in fruit intakes in older low consumers of fruit following two community-based repeated exposure interventions. British Journal of Nutrition, 109 (5), 795-801.
  • Appleton, K.M., 2013. 6 × 40 mins exercise improves body image, even though body weight and shape do not change. Journal of Health Psychology, 18 (1), 110-120.
  • Majed, B., Appleton, K. et al., 2012. Depressive symptoms, a time dependent risk factor for coronary heart disease and stroke in middle-aged men. The PRIME Study. Stroke, 43, 1761-1767.
  • Appleton, K.M., Smit, H.J. and Rogers, P.J., 2011. Review and meta-analysis of the short-term effects of a vegetable oil emulsion on food intake. Obesity Reviews, 12 (7).
  • Appleton, K.M., Martins, C. and Morgan, L.M., 2011. Age and experience predict accurate short-term energy compensation in adults. Appetite, 56 (3), 602-606.
  • Appleton, K.M., Fraser, W.D., Rogers, P.J., Ness, A.R. and Tobias, J.H., 2011. Supplementation with a low-moderate dose of n-3 long-chain PUFA has no short-term effect on bone resorption in human adults. British Journal of Nutrition, 105 (8), 1145-1149.
  • Best, R.L. and Appleton, K.M., 2011. Comparable increases in energy, protein and fat intakes following the addition of seasonings and sauces to an older person's meal. Appetite, 56 (1), 179-182.
  • Appleton, K.M., Rogers, P.J. and Ness, A.R., 2010. Reply to D Laurin and P-H Carmichael. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 92 (3), 670-671.
  • Appleton, K.M., McGill, R., Neville, C. and Woodside, J.V., 2010. Barriers to increasing fruit and vegetable intakes in the older population of Northern Ireland: low levels of liking and low awareness of current recommendations. Public Health Nutr, 13 (4), 514-521.
  • Appleton, K.M., Rogers, P.J. and Ness, A.R., 2010. Updated systematic review and meta-analysis of the effects of n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids on depressed mood. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 91 (3), 757-770.
  • Appleton, K.M., McGill, R. and Woodside, J.V., 2009. Fruit and vegetable consumption in older individuals in Northern Ireland: levels and patterns. Br J Nutr, 102 (7), 949-953.
  • Appleton, K.M., 2009. Increases in energy, protein and fat intake following the addition of sauce to an older person's meal. Appetite, 52 (1), 161-165.
  • Rogers, P.J., Appleton, K.M., Kessler, D., Peters, T.J., Gunnell, D., Hayward, R.C., Heatherley, S.V., Christian, L.M., McNaughton, S.A. and Ness, A.R., 2008. No effect of n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid (EPA and DHA) supplementation on depressed mood and cognitive function: A randomised controlled trial - Reply by Rogers et al. British Journal of Nutrition, 100 (6), 1349-1351.
  • Appleton, K.M., Gunnell, D., Peters, T.J., Ness, A.R., Kessler, D. and Rogers, P.J., 2008. No clear evidence of an association between plasma concentrations of n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids and depressed mood in a non-clinical population. Prostaglandins Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids, 78 (6), 337-342.
  • Appleton, K.M., Rogers, P.J. and Ness, A.R., 2008. Is there a role for n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids in the regulation of mood and behaviour? A review of the evidence to date from epidemiological studies, clinical studies and intervention trials. Nutrition Research Reviews, 21 (1), 13-41.
  • Rogers, P.J., Appleton, K.M., Kessler, D., Peters, T.J., Gunnell, D., Hayward, R.C., Heatherley, S.V., Christian, L.M., McNaughton, S.A. and Ness, A.R., 2008. No effect of n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid (EPA and DHA) supplementation on depressed mood and cognitive function: a randomised controlled trial. Br J Nutr, 99 (2), 421-431.
  • Appleton, K.M., Appleton, K.M. et al., 2007. Depressed mood and dietary fish intake: direct relationship or indirect relationship as a result of diet and lifestyle? J Affect Disord, 104 (1-3), 217-223.
  • Appleton, K.M., Appleton, K.M. et al., 2007. Type A behaviour and consumption of an atherogenic diet: No association in the PRIME study. Appetite, 49 (3), 554-560.
  • Appleton, K.M. and Blundell, J.E., 2007. Habitual high and low consumers of artificially-sweetened beverages: Effects of sweet taste and energy on short-term appetite. Physiology and Behavior, 92 (3), 479-486.
  • Appleton, K.M., Hayward, R.C., Rogers, P.J., Gunnell, D., Peters, T.J., Kessler, D. and Ness, A.R., 2007. Reply to UN Das [4]. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 85 (6), 1666.
  • Gatersleben, B. and Appleton, K.M., 2007. Contemplating cycling to work: Attitudes and perceptions in different stages of change. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 41 (4), 302-312.
  • Appleton, K.M., Peters, T.J., Hayward, R.C., Heatherley, S.V., McNaughton, S.A., Rogers, P.J., Gunnell, D., Ness, A.R. and Kessler, D., 2007. Depressed mood and n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid intake from fish: Non-linear or confounded association? Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 42 (2), 100-104.
  • Appleton, K.M., Hayward, R.C., Gunnell, D., Peters, T.J., Rogers, P.J., Kessler, D. and Ness, A.R., 2006. Effects of n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids on depressed mood: systematic review of published trials. Am J Clin Nutr, 84 (6), 1308-1316.
  • Appleton, K.M. and McGowan, L., 2006. The relationship between restrained eating and poor psychological health is moderated by pleasure normally associated with eating. Eating Behaviors, 7 (4), 342-347.
  • Appleton, K.M., 2006. Behavioural determinants of daily energy intake during a 28 day outdoor expedition in Arctic Norway. Scandinavian Journal of Food and Nutrition, 50 (3), 139-146.
  • Appleton, K.M., Gentry, R.C. and Shepherd, R., 2006. Evidence of a role for conditioning in the development of liking for flavours in humans in everyday life. Physiology and Behavior, 87 (3), 478-486.
  • Appleton, K.M., 2005. Changes in the perceived pleasantness of fluids before and after fluid loss through exercise: a demonstration of the association between perceived pleasantness and physiological usefulness in everyday life. Physiol Behav, 83 (5), 813-819.
  • Appleton, K.M. and Rogers, P.J., 2004. Food and mood. Women's Health Medicine, 1 (1), 4-6.
  • Appleton, K.M., Rogers, P.J. and Blundell, J.E., 2004. Effects of a sweet and a nonsweet lunch on short-term appetite: differences in female high and low consumers of sweet/low-energy beverages. J Hum Nutr Diet, 17 (5), 425-434.
  • Appleton, K.M. and Conner, M.T., 2001. Body weight, body-weight concerns and eating styles in habitual heavy users and non-users of artificially sweetened beverages. Appetite, 37 (3), 225-230.
  • King, N.A., Appleton, K., Rogers, P.J. and Blundell, J.E., 1999. Effects of sweetness and energy in drinks on food intake following exercise. Physiol Behav, 66 (2), 375-379.




  • Sweet taste exposures (Industry, 01 Sep 2016). In Progress
  • FoodSmart (European Union, 01 Jan 2014). In Progress
  • VeggiEat (European Union, 01 Oct 2013). Completed


  • BSc (Hons) in Psychology (University of Southampton, 1993)
  • PhD in Psychology (University of Leeds, 1999)


  • British Psychological Society, Chartered Psychologist (2001-),
  • UK Association for Nutrition, Registered Nutritionist (2001-),
The data on this page was last updated at 04:03 on February 25, 2018.