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Professor Melanie Klinkner

  • Professor In Law
  • Weymouth House W405, Talbot Campus, Fern Barrow, Poole, BH12 5BB
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Dr Melanie Klinkner is an international law scholar and author of the Bournemouth Protocol on Mass Grave Protection and Investigation. She led an Arts and Humanities Research Council Research Leaders Fellowship for the creation of mass grave protection guidelines with the International Commission on Missing Persons (ICMP) as project partner. In addition, she is the Principal Investigator on a Global Challenges Research Fund project on how to humanise the process of mass grave protection and investigation from the representative perspective of victims’ families. Together with Dr Howard Davis she is author of the monograph ‘The Right to the Truth in International Law’ (published by Routledge, 2020). During Trinity Term 2018 she was a Research Visitor at Oxford University's Bonavero Institute of Human Rights. Since February 2021 she is a member of the 'Panel of Experts on Missing Persons' for the ICMP. At Bournemouth University she teaches public international law, international criminal law and international human rights law.


Journal Articles



  • Klinkner, M., 2021. The Development of Indicators on Missing Persons. Global Report on Missing Persons. International Commission on Missing Persons.
  • Klinkner, M. and Schwandner-Sievers, S., 2021. Transitional justice principles versus survivors’ experience – conflicting interpretations in Kosovo case study involving missing persons and their memorialisation. In: Rauschenbach, M., Viebach, J. and Parmentier, S., eds. Localising Memory: The Dynamics and Informal Practices of Memorialisation after Mass Violence and Dictatorship. Routledge.
  • Klinkner, M. and Smith, E., 2015. The Right to Truth, Appropriate Forum and the International Criminal Court. In: Szablewska, N. and Bachmann, S., eds. Current Issues in Transitional Justice. Towards a More Holistic Approach. Springer, 3-29.
  • Klinkner, M., 2013. Scientific Evidence in International Criminal Trials. In: Weisburd, D., ed. Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice. Springer.


  • Klinkner, M. and Schwandner-Sievers, S., 2017. Grieving lost normalcy: a Kosovo case study of social memory, incomplete transitional justice and political agency. In: Sixth International Expert Seminar on Transitional Justice 25-26 September 2017 KU Leuven.
  • Klinkner, M., Schwandner-Sievers, S., TIan, F. and Biran, A., 2015. Rethinking post-war reconciliation, memory and heritage via ‘gaming’ technology. In: BFX Academic Conference 2015 26-27 September 2015 Bournemouth, Bournemouth University.
  • Klinkner, M., 2015. Ukraine and Russia: International (criminal) responses to hybrid war? In: International Criminal Trials: Historical Paradigms and Contemporary Dimensions 21 September 2015 Preston, University of Central Lancashire.
  • Klinkner, M. and Davis, H., 2014. Institutionalising the right to the truth at the ICC. In: SLSA Conference 26-28 March 2013 York.
  • Bray, M., 2014. Mass grave evidence before international criminal trials. In: Forensic Forum 2014 5 March 2014 London.
  • Klinkner, M., 2012. Improving forensic investigations into mass graves for international criminal proceedings. In: European Academy of Forensic Science 20-24 August 2012 The Hague.
  • Klinkner, M., 2011. The value of forensic evidence for international criminal proceedings. In: 2nd Biennial War Crimes Conference: Justice? Whose Justice? Punishment, Mediation or Reconciliation 3-5 March 2011 London.
  • Klinkner, M., 2008. International Justice through Science: Investigating Human Rights Violations with or without Forensic Science? In: The 12th Biennial Conference of the International Society for Justice Research 14-17 August 2008 Adelaide.
  • Klinkner, M., 2008. Proving Genocide – Cooperation between lawyers and forensic scientists under the ICTY. In: Seventh Biennial Meeting of the International Association of Genocide Scholars 9-13 July 2007 Sarajevo.

Internet Publications


  • Klinkner, M.J., 2009. Toward improved understanding and interaction between forensic science and international criminal law in the context of transitional justice. PhD Thesis. Bournemouth University; Business School.


PhD Students

  • Ellie Smith. The need for truth-telling as a part of the right to truth and its realisation at the ICC
  • Luke Nwibo Eda. Missing Migrants
  • Giulia Levi. Bridging post-Brexit Referendum Divides
  • Ahmed Abed. The rules, their application and effectiveness, governing humanitarian assistance in the context of the Syrian Conflict
  • Joshua Rieser. British Foreign Policy: Britain’s Interpretation of International Law and Response to International Crisis, Ethnic Stratification & Genocide in Southeast Asia 1965-1980
  • Selin Sonmez. Writing the Wrongs: On the Role and Effectiveness of Apology as a Remedy for International Crimes and Historical Injustices

Profile of Teaching PG

  • Principles of International law, International Organisations and the WTO
  • Dissertation Support and Research Methods
  • International Criminal Law and International Criminal Justice
  • International Human Rights Law

Profile of Teaching UG

  • Advanced Criminal Law


  • It remains to be seen: animation of mass grave recovery (UKRI, 01 Apr 2020). In Progress
  • Protecting Mass Graves to advance Truth and Justice (Arts and Humanities Research Council, 25 Feb 2019). Awarded
  • Fusion co-creation project involving BU students and partners in Kosovo: rethinking post-war reconciliation via ‘gaming’ technology (Fusion Investment Fund, 01 Nov 2015). Completed
  • Rethinking Reconciliation (European Union Academic Development Scheme, 01 Feb 2015). Completed
  • A victim's right to truth and the International Criminal Court (Nuffield Foundation, 01 Sep 2013). Completed
  • A victim's right to truth and the International Criminal Court (Nuffield Foundation, 01 Sep 2013). Completed
  • Cambodia Field Research - financial support (Harold Wyam Wingate Foundation, 01 Jan 2007). Completed


  • PhD in Law (Bournemouth University, 2009)
  • MA in Philosophy, Anthropology, Biology (Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg, 2003)


  • International Association of Genocide Scholars, Member (2021-),
  • International Commission on Missing Persons Panel of Experts, Member (2021-),
  • Chatham House: International Affairs Think Tank, Associate Member (2019-),
  • Socio-Legal-Studies Association, Member (2019-),
  • Higher Education Academy, Fellow (2015-),
  • Society of Legal Scholars, Member,

External Media and Press