Les Todres

Professor Les Todres

  • 01202 962169
  • ltodres at bournemouth dot ac dot uk
  • Professor
  • Royal London House R108, Christchurch Road, Bournemouth, BH1 3LT
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Biography

Les Todres is a clinical psychologist and Emeritus Professor of Health Philosophy at the School of Health and Social Care, Bournemouth University. His previous occupational roles have included head of a student counselling service and director of a clinical psychology training programme. He has also worked within National Health Service Clinics and GP practices within the United Kingdom. He has published in the areas of health-related philosophy, phenomenological psychology, integrative psychotherapy and practice-related education in health and social care. In 2004 he co-founded the Centre for Qualitative Research at Bournemouth University. His career spans both academic and clinical contexts, reflecting his interest in pursuing knowledge and practice that is both academically and professionally integrated. He is author of the book, ‘Embodied Enquiry: Phenomenological Touchstones for Research, Psychotherapy and Spirituality (Palgrave)’ and co-author, with Kathleen Galvin, of the book: ‘Caring and Well-being: A Lifeworld Approach’ (Routledge)..

Journal Articles

  • Todres, L., Galvin, K.T. and Dahlberg, K., 2014. "Caring for insiderness": Phenomenologically informed insights that can guide practice. Int J Qual Stud Health Well-being, 9 (1), 21421.
  • Todres, L., Galvin, K.T. and Dahlberg, K., 2014. "Caring for insiderness": phenomenologically informed insights that can guide practice. Int J Qual Stud Health Well-being, 9, 21421.
  • Galvin, K.T. and Todres, L., 2014. Dignity as honour-wound: an experiential and relational view. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice, 1-0.
  • Borbasi, S., Galvin, K.T., Adams, T., Todres, L. and Farrelly, B., 2013. Demonstration of the usefulness of a theoretical framework for humanising care with reference to a residential aged care service in Australia. J Clin Nurs, 22 (5-6), 881-889.
  • Borbasi, S., Galvin, K.T., Adams, T., Todres, L. and Farrelly, B., 2013. Demonstration of the usefulness of a theoretical framework for humanising care with reference to a residential aged care service in Australia. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 22 (5-6), 881-889.
  • Pulman, A., Galvin, K., Hutchings, M., Todres, L., Quinney, A., Ellis-Hill, C. and Atkins, P., 2012. Empathy and dignity through technology: Using lifeworld-led multimedia to enhance learning about the head, heart and hand. Electronic Journal of e-Learning, 10 (3), 348-359.
  • Todres, L. and Galvin, K.T., 2012. “In the Middle of Everywhere”: A Phenomenological Study of Mobility and Dwelling Amongst Rural Elders. Phenomenology & Practice, 6 (1), 55-68.
  • Galvin, K.T. and Todres, L., 2012. Phenomenology as embodied knowing and sharing: Kindling audience participation. The Indo-Pacific Journal of Phenomenology, 12 (Special Edition, July).
  • Mayoh, J., Bond, C.S. and Todres, L., 2012. An Innovative Mixed Methods Approach to Studying the Online Health Information Seeking Experiences of Adults With Chronic Health Conditions. Journal of Mixed Methods Research, 6 (1), 21-33.
  • Ryan, K., Todres, L. and Alexander, J., 2011. Calling, permission, and fulfillment: the interembodied experience of breastfeeding. Qual Health Res, 21 (6), 731-742.
  • Mayoh, J., Todres, L. and Bond, C.S., 2011. Exploring the Online Health Information Seeking Experiences of Older Adults. The Indo-Pacific Journal of Phenomenology, 11 (2).
  • Galvin, K.T. and Todres, L., 2011. Kinds of well-being: A conceptual framework that provides direction for caring. International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, 6.
  • Pulman, A., Todres, L. and Galvin, K., 2010. The carer's world: An interactive reusable learning object. Dementia, 9 (4), 535-547.
  • Galvin, K.T. and Todres, L., 2010. Research based empathic knowledge for nursing: A translational strategy for disseminating phenomenological research findings to provide evidence for caring practice. International Journal of Nursing Studies.
  • Todres, L. and Galvin, K.T., 2010. “Dwelling-mobility”: An existential theory of well-being. International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, 5.
  • Todres, L., Keen, S. and Kerr, D., 2010. Continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion in Type 1 diabetes: patient experiences of ‘living with a machine’. Diabetic Medicine, 27, 1201-1204.
  • Carr, E.C.J., Galvin, K.T. and Todres, L., 2010. Facilitating nourished scholarship through cohort supervision in a professional doctorate programme. Encyclopaideia: Journal of Phenomenology & Education, 27.
  • Dahlberg, K., Todres, L. and Galvin, K.T., 2009. Lifeworld-led Healthcare is More than Patient-led Care: an Existential View of Well-Being. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy, 12, 265-271.
  • Todres, L., Galvin, K.T. and Holloway, I., 2009. The Humanization of Healthcare: A Value Framework for Qualitative Research. International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, 4, 68-77.
  • Galvin, K.T. and Todres, L., 2009. Embodying Nursing Openheartedness: An Existential Perspective. Journal of Holistic Nursing, 27, 141-149.
  • Todres, L., 2008. Being With That: The Relevance of Embodied Understanding for Practice. International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, 3, 8.
  • Todres, L., 2008. Being With That: The Relevance of Embodied Understanding for Practice. Qualitative Health Research, 18, 1566-1573.
  • Todres, L. and Galvin, K.T., 2008. Embodied interpretation: a novel way of evocatively re-presenting meanings in phenomenological research. Qualitative Research, 8, 568-583.
  • Todres, L., Galvin, K.T. and Dahlberg, K., 2007. Lifeworld-led healthcare: revisiting a humanising philosophy that integrates emerging trends. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy, 10, 53-63.
  • Galvin, K.T. and Todres, L., 2007. The creativity of ‘unspecialisation': a contemplative direction for integrative scholarly practice. Phenomenology & Practice, 1, 31-46.
  • Keen, S. and Todres, L., 2007. Strategies for disseminating qualitative research findings: three exemplars. Forum: Qualitative Social Research, 8, Art 17.
  • Holloway, I. and Todres, L., 2007. Thinking differently: challenges in qualitative research. International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, 2, 12-18.
  • Todres, L. and Galvin, K.T., 2006. Caring for a partner with Alzheimer's disease: intimacy, loss and the life that is possible. International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, 1, 50-61.
  • Redwood, S. and Todres, L., 2006. Exploring the ethical imagination: conversation as practice versus committee as gatekeeper. Forum: Qualitative Social Research, 7, 38-45.
  • Todres, L., 2006. Embodied Inquiry: Some touchstones and openings for qualitative research. International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, 1, 12.
  • Todres, L. and Galvin, K.T., 2005. Pursuing both breadth and depth in qualitative research: Illustrated by a study of the Experience of Intimate Caring for a Loved one with Alzheimer's Disease. International Journal of Qualitative Methods, 4, 1-11.
  • Galvin, K.T., Todres, L. and Richardson, M., 2005. The intimate mediator: a carer’s experience of Alzheimer’s. Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, 19, 2-11.
  • Todres, L., 2004. The wound that connects: a consideration of "Narcissism" and the creation of soulful space. Indo-Pacific Journal of Phenomenology, 4, 1-12.
  • Todres, L., 2004. The meaning of understanding and the open body: some implications for qualitative research. Existential Analysis: Journal of the Society for Existential Analysis, 15, 38-54.
  • Holloway, I. and Todres, L., 2003. The status of method: flexibility, consistency and coherence. Qualitative Research, 3, 345-357.
  • Todres, L., 2003. Humanising forces: phenomenology in science; psychotherapy in technological culture. Counselling and Psychotherapy Research, 3, 196-203.
  • Todres, L., 2002. Humanising forces: phenomenology in science; psychotherapy in technological culture. Indo-Pacific Journal of Phenomenology, 2, 1-11.
  • Todres, L., 2002. Globalisation and the complexity of self: the relevance of psychotherapy. Existential Analysis: Journal of the Society for Existential Analysis, 13, 98-105.
  • Hartley, J. and Todres, L., 2001. The use of phenomenology to maintain a feminist perspective in research exploring the transition to motherhood. JOURNAL OF REPRODUCTIVE AND INFANT PSYCHOLOGY, 19 (3), 266.
  • Todres, L. and Wheeler, S., 2001. The complementarity of phenomenology, hermeneutics and existentialism as a philosophical perspective for nursing research. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 38, 1-8.
  • Todres, L., 2000. Embracing ambiguity: transpersonal development and the phenomenological tradition. Journal of Religion and Health, 39, 227-238.
  • Todres, L., Fulbrook, P. and Albarran, J., 2000. On the receiving end: a hermeneutic-phenomenological analysis of a patient's struggle to cope while going through intensive care. Nursing in Critical Care, 5, 277-287.
  • Todres, L., 2000. Writing phenomenological-psychological description: an illustration attempting to balance texture and structure. Auto-Biography: an international & interdisciplinary journal, 3, 41-48.
  • Todres, L., 1999. The bodily complexity of truth-telling in qualitative research: some implications of Gendlin's theory. The Humanistic Psychologist, 27, 283-300.
  • Todres, L., 1998. The qualitative description of human experience: the aesthetic dimension. Qualitative Health Research, 8, 121-127.
  • Todres, L., 1993. Psychological and spiritual freedoms: reflections inspired by Heidegger. Human Studies, 16, 255-266.
  • Todres, L., 1992. The virtue of tension: conflict resolution and the transcendent function. Mantis, 4, 255-266.
  • Todres, L., 1990. The rhythm of psychotherapeutic attention: a training model. Journal of Phenomenological Psychology, 21, 32-45.
  • Todres, L.A., 1986. The Experience of Human Finitude: A Phenomenological Investigation. South African Journal of Psychology, 16 (4), 122-125.

Books

  • Galvin, Kathleen and Todres, L., 2013. Caring and Well-being: A lifeowrld approach. London: Routledge.
  • Todres, L., 2007. Embodied enquiry : phenomenological touchstones for research, psychotherapy, and spirituality. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Chapters

  • Parkhurst, G., Galvin, K., Musselwhite, C., Phillips, J., Shergold, I. and Todres, L., 2014. Beyond transport: Understanding the role of mobilities in connecting rural elders in civic society. Countryside Connections: Older People, Community and Place in Rural Britain. 125-157.
  • Parkhurst, G., Galvin, K.T., Musslewhite, C., Phillips, J., Shergold, I. and Todres, L., 2014. Beyond Transport: Understanding the role of mobilities in rural elders' connectivity in civic society. In: Hennessy, C., Means, R. and Burholt, V., eds. Countryside Connections: Older people, community and place in rural Britain.. Bristol, UK: Policy Press.
  • Todres, L. and Galvin, K.T., 2014. Presences are more than Cognitions; Pathways through Phenomenology to Poetry:. Imagining Psychological Life: Philosophical, Psychological, & Poetic Reflections: A Festschrift in Honor of Robert D. Romanyshyn.. Pittsburgh, PA: Trivium Publications, 171-178.
  • Galvin, K. and Todres, L., 2012. The creativity of "unspecialization": A contemplative direction for integrative scholarly practice. Hermeneutic Phenomenology in Education: Method and Practice. 107-118.
  • Todres, L., 2011. Experiential-existential therapy: embodying freedom and vulnerability. In: Barnett, L. and Madison, G., eds. Existential Therapy: Legacy, Vibrancy and Dialogue. London: Routledge, 67-80.
  • Todres, L., 2010. Back to the Things Themselves: The Relevance of Embodied Understanding for Caring Practices. The re-direction of psychology: Essays in honour of Amedeo P. Giorgi.. Montreal, Canada: Cirp, University of Quebec in Montreal, 249-269.
  • Galvin, K.T. and Todres, L., 2009. Poetic enquiry and phenomenological research: the practice of ‘embodied interpretation’. In: Prendergast, M., Leggo, C. and Sameshima, P., eds. Poetic inquiry: Vibrant voices in the social sciences.. Rotterdam: Sense Publishing, 307-316.
  • Todres, L. and Holloway, I., 2006. Phenomenological research. In: Gerrish, K. and Lacey, A., eds. The research process in nursing. Oxford: Blackwell Science, 224-238.
  • Holloway, I. and Todres, L., 2006. Grounded theory. In: Gerrish, K. and Lacey, A., eds. The research process in nursing. Oxford: Blackwell Science, 192-207.
  • Holloway, I. and Todres, L., 2006. Ethnography. In: Gerrish, K. and Lacey, A., eds. The research process in nursing. Oxford: Blackwell Science, 208-223.
  • Todres, L., 2005. Freedom-wound: towards the embodiment of human openness in Daseinsanalytic therapy. In: Martino, D.J. and Craig, E., eds. Daseinsanalysis: The Twenty-Second Annual Symposium of the Simon Silverman Phenomenology Center. Duquesne University, Pittsburgh, PA: The Simon Silverman Phenomenology Center, 111-125.
  • Todres, L., 2005. Clarifying the life-world: descriptive phenomenology. In: Holloway, I., ed. Qualitative research in health care. Maidenhead: Open University Press, 104-124.
  • Holloway, I. and Todres, L., 2005. The status of method: flexibility, consistency and coherence. In: Holloway, I., ed. Qualitative research in health care. Maidenhead: Routledge, 90-103.
  • Todres, L. and Holloway, I., 2004. Descriptive phenomenology: life-world as evidence. In: Rapport, F., ed. New qualitative methodologies in health and social care research. London: Routledge, 79-98.
  • Wilcock, P.M. and Campion-Smith, C., 2002. Using the principles and methods of continuous quality improvement within the RIPE project. In: Todres, L. and Macdonald, K., eds. Making it better: Improving health and social care through interprofessional learning and practice development. Poole: Bournemouth University, 77-84.
  • Todres, L., 1999. How does liberating self-insight become tacit understanding?: A phenomenological enquiry. In: Watson, G., Batchelor, S. and Claxton, G., eds. The psychology of awakening : buddhism, science and our day-to-day lives. London: Rider, 177-186.
  • Todres, L., 1991. The primacy of phenomenological process and sequence in psychotherapy: a case study. In: van Vuuren, R., ed. Dialogue beyond polemics. Pretoria: HSRC Publishers, 95-106.
  • Todres, L. and Galvin,, K.T.. Caring for the experience of Stroke Recovery: Embodied Interpretations of Others’ Worlds. In: Thomas, Ardra Cole, & Sheila Stewart (Eds).,, S., ed. Art of Poetic Inquiry: Centre for Arts-informed Inquiry Series,. Toronto: Backalong Books, 178-186.

Conferences

  • Galvin, K.T. and Todres, L., 2015. Exploring Care: Directions for practice from the 'head', 'hand' and 'heart' of Dignity. In: Nordic College of Caring Science & The European Academy of Caring Science Conference 19-20 March 2015 Copenhagen, Denmark.
  • Hutchings, M., Quinney, A., Galvin, K., Todres, L. and Ellis-Hill, C., 2014. From interprofessional to transprofessional learning through humanising care: perspectives, transformations, and futures. In: All Together Better Health 5-8 October 2012 Kobe Gakuin University (Kobe, Japan).
  • Todres, L., 2013. The role of the Arts in facilitating Well-being. In: The Arch of Arts in Health International Conference 17-19 March 2013 Israel.
  • Todres, L., todres, L. and galvin, K., 2012. On Well-Being: Some Aesthetic Invitations to Participative Understanding. In: Reviewing the Encounter between Human Sciences, the Arts, & the Humanities 25-29 June 2012 Canada.
  • Pulman, A., Galvin, K.T., Hutchings, M., Todres, L., Quinney, A., Ellis-Hill, C. and Atkins, P., 2011. Using lifeworld-led multimedia to enhance learning. In: Greener, S. and Rospigliosi, A., eds. 10th European Conference on e-Learning 10-11 November 2011 University of Brighton, UK. Reading: Academic Publishing Limited.
  • Todres, L. and todres, L., 2011. The Future of Phenomenology. In: Intertwining body-self-world 27-30 July 2011 Oxford.
  • Todres, L., todres, L. and galvin, K., 2011. Embodying Nursing Openheartedness: An Existential Perspective. In: Knowledge for Caring Science: Directions and Options 4 May 2011 Sweden.
  • Barker, S.A., Todres, L. and Biley, F., 2011. The Midwife's Coracle. In: Post Graduate Research Conference, 3rd Annual 12 January 2011 Bournemouth University.
  • Hutchings, M., Galvin, K.T., Todres, L., Pulman, A. and Quinney, A., 2011. Transforming practices through developing a transprofessional curriculum: a multi-faceted model of change. In: Higher Education Academy Annual Conference 5-6 July 2011 East Midlands Conference Centre, Nottingham.
  • Hutchings, M., Galvin, K.T., Todres, L., Quinney, A., Pulman, A. and Ellis-Hill, C., 2011. Making connections: using technology to enhance learning about the head, heart and hand. In: Second International Conference on Compassionate Care 23-24 June 2011 Edinburgh Napier University, Edinburgh.
  • Barker, S.A., Todres, L. and Biley, F., 2011. Unique Normality. In: Engagement in Life: Promoting Wellbeing in Mental Health 10 June 2011 Bournemouth University, Poole, Dorset.
  • Todres, L. and todres, L., 2009. The Humanization of Healthcare: A Value Framework for Qualitative Research. In: Humanized Health Care 12-13 October 2009 , China.
  • Todres, L. and todres, L., 2008. Being with that: The relevance of embodied understanding for practice. In: Qualitative Research in Healthcare Practice. 10-20 May 2008 Norway..
  • Galvin, K.T., Dahlberg, K., Todres, L., Keen, S., Horberg, U., Ozolins, L.-L., Ekebergh, M. and Rees, K.L., 2007. Symposium: Lifeworld as evidence and action: the Vaxjo/Bournemouth Collaboration. In: IHSRC 2007- International Human Science Research Conference: New frontiers of phenomenology Beyond postmodernism in empirical research 13-16 June 2007 Rovereto, Italy.
  • Todres, L., Madison, G. and Preston, L., 2005. Crossing the philosophy of the implicit with other approaches to elaborate forms of focusing-oriented psychotherapy. In: 17th International Focusing Conference 27-31 May 2005 Barrie, Canada.
  • Todres, L. and Galvin, K.T., 2004. Pursuing both breadth and depth in qualitative research - illustrated by a study of the experience of intimate caring for a loved one with Alzheimer's disease. In: 23rd International Human Science Research Conference: Embodiment and its Consequences in Human Science Research 5-7 August 2004 Ontario, Canada.
  • Todres, L., Preston, L. and Madison, G., 2004. The implications of Gendlin's Philosophy for Psychotherapy. In: 16th International Focusing Conference 3-7 May 2004 Puntarenas, Costa Rica.
  • Todres, L., 2004. Wound and welcome - permission and direction in Daseinsanalytic psychotherapy. In: 22nd Annual Symposium of the Simon Silverman Phenomenology Center 5-6 March 2004 Pittsburgh, USA.
  • Todres, L., 2003. The meaning of understanding and the open body: some implications for qualitative research. In: 22nd International Human Science Research Conference: Human Science Research and Human Vulnerability 13-16 August 2003 Stockholm, Sweden.
  • Todres, L., 2003. The wound that connects: Narcissism and the creation of soulful space. In: 15th International Focusing Conference 30 April-3 May 2003 Pforzheim, Germany.
  • Hartley, J., Todres, L. and Alexander, J., 2002. The journey to motherhood. A phenomenological approach to understanding how women experience becoming mothers. In: Qualitative Research Conference in Health and Social Care September 2002 Bournemouth, UK.
  • Holloway, I. and Todres, L., 2002. The status of method: the need for flexibility, consistency and coherence. In: 8th Annual Qualitative Health Research Conference 4-6 April 2002 Banff, Canada.
  • Todres, L. and Giorgi, B., 2001. Psychotherapy and the globalisation of culture: what will survive? In: 109th American Psychological Association Conference: International Division 2001 San Francisco, USA.
  • Todres, L., 2001. Therapeutic self-insight and a greater sense of freedom: client's experiences. In: 109th American Psychological Association Conference: Humanistic Psychology Division 2001 San Francisco, USA.
  • Todres, L., 2000. The bodily complexity of truth-telling in qualitative research: some implications of Gendlin's philosophy. In: 19th International Human Science Research Conference: Celebrating Openness 12-15 June 2000 Long Island, New York, USA.
  • Todres, L., 1999. More than words can say: the tension of language and bodily responsiveness in the validation of qualitative research. In: 5th International Qualitative Health Research Conference 1999 Newcastle, Australia.
  • Todres, L., 1999. The kind of therapeutic self-insight that carries a greater sense of freedom: a phenomenological enquiry. In: 18th International Human Science Research Conference 1999 Sheffield, UK.

Reports

  • Heaslip, V., Phillips, J., Todres, L. and Kerr, D., 2012. Exploratory Study examining the Impact of Hypoglycaemia on the Quality of Life of individuals with Type 2 Diabetes; and the impact on their families and carers.. Bournemouth: Bournemouth University.
  • Hutchings, M., Galvin, K.T., Pulman, A., Todres, L., Quinney, A. and Clark, V., 2011. Framing lifeworld-led evidence to shape practice: facilitating a collaborative transprofessional curriculum for health and social work disciplines. Final Report for Higher Education Academy Discipline-focused Learning Technology Enhancement Academy. Higher Education Academy Discipline-focused Learning Technology Enhancement Academy.
  • Hutchings, M., Galvin, K.T., Todres, L., Quinney, A., Pulman, A., Atkins, P. and Gentle, P., 2011. Transformational change through lifeworld-led multimedia VLE engagement. Embedding Work-with-IT Final Report for JISC/SEDA. JISC/SEDA.
  • Cash, M., Galvin, K.T. and Todres, L., 2011. Somerset Dementia Collaborative: An Evaluation of a Humanising Care Approach. Bournemouth: Bournemouth University.
  • Vincent, C., Galvin, K.T. and Todres, L., 2007. Tele-reHabilitation through Interactive Video Endorsement (THRIVE): An evaluation of using telemedicine to provide post-discharge support for patients with spinal cord injuries. Poole, England: Bournemouth University.
  • Hinds, D. and Todres, L., 2006. The RIPE Project: A Regional Interprofessional Education Project co-ordinated by Bournemouth University. Poole, England: Bournemouth University.
  • Keen, S. and Todres, L., 2006. Communicating qualitative research findings: An annotated bibliographic review of non-traditional dissemination strategies. Poole, England: Bournemouth University.
  • Jordan, G., Todres, L. and Halliwell, D., 2005. An evaluation of the preparation and role of emergency care practitioners in Dorset. Poole, England: Bournemouth University.
  • Taylor, G. and Todres, L., 2003. The PHRIPE project: Public health regional interprofessional education project final report. Poole, England: Bournemouth University.
  • Todres, L. and Macdonald, K., 2002. Making it better: Improving health and social care through interprofessional learning and practice development. Readings from the Bournemouth University Regional Interprofessional Education Project.. Poole, England: Bournemouth University.
  • Hinds, D. and Todres, L., 2002. The RIPE Project a regional interprofessional educational project co-ordinated by Bournemouth University. Poole, England: Bournemouth University.

Grants

  • Humanising Services: A new transferable leadership strategy for improving 'what matters to older people' to enhance dignity in care. (Burdett Trust for Nursing, 16 Oct 2013). Awarded
  • Humanising Services: A new transferrable leadership strategy for improving 'what matters to older people' to enhance dignity in care. (Burdett Trust for Nursing, 07 Oct 2013). Awarded
  • PhD Studentship: Restoring the human dimensions to health service delivery : evaluating the impacts of a novel theory-driven improvement strategy for the care of older people in hospital. (Poole Hospital, 15 Jan 2013). Awarded
  • Somerset Dementia Collaborative: An Evaluation of a Humanising Care Approach (NHS Somerset Dementia Partnership: SSIF Funding, 15 Apr 2010). Completed
  • Transformational Change through Lifeworld led Education (JISC/Higher Education Academy, 01 Mar 2010). Completed
  • Grey and Pleasant Land: An Interdisciplinary Exploration of the Connectivity of Older People in Rural Civic Society. (ESRC: New Dynamics of Aging Programme, 02 Jan 2009). Awarded

Qualifications

  • BSocSc(Hons) in Psychology (Rhodes University, 1976)
  • MSocSc(ClinPsych) in Clinical Psychology (Rhodes University, 1980)
  • PhD in Psychology (Rhodes University, 1990)
  • C.Pcychol in Clinical Psychology (British Psychological Society, 1992)
The data on this page was last updated at 04:12 on June 17, 2019.